Important words for the SAT and their brief meanings

Try to study at least one group a day and your SAT score will increase at least 200 points (as advertised). In fact, I gave up after 5 days and focused on practising real tests instead :mrgreen: Hope it would be useful.

Group 1

Abhor: hate
Bigot: narrow-minded, prejudiced person
Counterfeit: fake, false
Enfranchise: give voting rights
Hamper: hinder, obstruct
Kindle: to start a fire
Noxious: harmful, poisonous, lethal
Placid: calm, peaceful
Remuneration: payment for work done
Talisman: lucky charm


Group 2

Abrasive: rough, coarse, harsh
Bilk: cheat, defraud
Covert: hidden, undercover
Engender: cause
Hangar: storage area (like garage) for a plane
Knotty: complex, difficult to solve
Nuance: something subtle, a fine shade of meaning
Plagiarism: taking credit for someone else's writing or ideas
Renown: fame
Tangent: going off the main subject

Group 3

Abrasiveness: harshness, coarseness
Billowing: swelling, fluttering, waving
Cower: recoil in fear or servility, shrink away from
Enhance: improve, make better or clearer
Harangue: noisy attacking speech
Labyrinth: a maze
Nullify: to counter, make unimportant
Plaintiff: applicant, petitioner
Replete: full
Tangible: can be touched


Group 4

Abrogate: cancel, deny, repeal
Blasphemy: speech which offends religious sentiments
Credible: believable
Enigma: puzzle, mystery
Harbingers: indicators, bringers of warnings
Labyrinthine: complicated, highly convoluted
Nuzzle: cuddle, snuggle
Plaudit: statement giving strong praise
Reprehensible: shameful, very bad
Tardy: slow, late, overdue, delayed

Group 5

Absolution: forgiveness, pardon, release
Blatant: obvious
Creditable: praiseworthy
Ensconce: establish firmly in a position
Hasten: hurry, accelerate, rush
Laceration: a cut
Obdurate: stubborn
Plausible: can be believed, reasonable
Reprieve: a respite; postponement of a sentence
Tawdry: of little value, gaudy

( ... to be continued ) so tired :(
 
Group 6

Abstain: desist, go without, withdraw
Blighted: damaged, destroyed, ruined
Credulous: gullible, ready to believe anything
Enshroud: cover
Haughtiness: arrogance, pride
Lachrymose: tearful, sad
Obfuscate: deliberately make something difficult to understand
Plethora: an excess
Repudiate: shun, eschew
Tedium: boredom

Group 7

Abstemious: self denying, refraining from indulging
Blithe: free-spirited, carefree
Crepuscular: active at dawn and dusk
Enunciation: clear pronunciation, accent, articulation
Headstrong: stubborn, willful
Lackluster: dull, monotonous, bland
Objective: unbiased, not subjective
Pliable: flexible, not stubborn
Rescind: retract, repeal
Temper: to moderate, soften

Group 8

Abstruse: difficult to understand, obscure
Blunderbuss: ancient weapon (type of gun); a clumsy person
Cringe: recoil, flinch, shy away
Envenom: to cause bitterness and bad feeling
Hedonism: self indulgence, pleasure-seeking
Laconic: using few words, brief, short to the point
Oblique: indirect, slanting
Plumage: feathers of a bird
Resignation: acceptance of fate
Tenacious: stubborn, resolute, holding firm to a purpose

Group 9

Accolade: tribute, honor, praise
Bolster: support, prop up
Cryptic: puzzling, enigmatic
Ephemeral: short-lived
Hedonist: a pleasure seeker
Lamentation: expression of regret or sorrow
Obliterate: destroy, demolish, eradicate
Plummet: fall suddenly and steeply
Resolution: determination
Tentative: not certain

Group 10

Acquiesce: to agree to, give in to
Bombast: arrogant, pompous language
Curtail: cut short
Epicure: someone who appreciates good food and drink
Heed: listen to
Lampoon: ridicule, spoof
Oblivious: totally unaware
Podium: raised platform
Resonant: echoing
Tenuous: flimsy, not solid

(..to be continued)



 
Group 11

Acrid: sharp, pungent (used of smells and tastes)
Boorish: ill-mannered
Cynical: believing that people act only out of selfish motives
Epistle: a letter (form of communication)
Heresy: against orthodox opinion
Lance: spear, spike, javelin
Obscure: difficult to understand, partially hidden
Poignant: deeply moving, strongly affecting the emotions
Respite: a break, intermission
Terse: concise, to the point

Group 12

Acrophobia: fear of heights
Bourgeois: middle class
Debility: weakness, incapacity
Epistolary: concerned with letters, through correspondence
Hiatus: interruption, pause
Languid: tired, slow
Obscured: hidden, covered, buried
Poised: calm, collected, self-possessed
Resplendent: shining, glowing
Therapeutic: medicinal, curative

Group 13

Acuity: sharpness (mental or visual)
Braggart: someone who boasts
Debunking: exposing false claims or myths
Epitomized: typified, characterized, personified
Hidebound: rigid in opinions
Languish: decay, fade away, get weaker
Obsequious: servile, submissive
Polemical: causing debate or argument
Restorative: a tonic
Thwart: prevent, frustrate

Group 14

Adamant: forceful, inflexible
Brawny: muscular
Decathlon: an athletic competition with ten events
Equivocate: speak ambiguously; avoid telling the truth
Hieroglyphics: picture writing; writing difficult to read; enigmatic
Larceny: theft, robbery, stealing
Obsession: a dominating concern
Ponderous: weighty, slow and heavy
Retention: preservation, withholding
Timorous: cowardly, fearful

Group 15

Adroit: skilful
Brevity: being brief
Decorum: dignified, decent, correct behavior (adj. Decorous)
Err: make a mistake
Hinder: obstruct
Largess: generosity
Obsolete: no longer valid
Pontificate: speak pompously, dogmatically
Reticent: restrained, holding something back, uncommunicative
Tirade: stream of verbal abuse
 
Group 16

Adulation: strong admiration, worship
Bristle: to show irritation
Decoy: lure, trap, trick
Erratic: wandering, irregular
Histrionic: theatrical, exaggerated
Laud: praise
Obstreperous: noisy and boisterous
Portend: foretell
Retraction: withdrawal, cancellation of a statement
Titter: giggle quietly

Group 17

Adversity: hardship
Broach: start to discuss, approach
Deference: respect
Esoteric: obscure and difficult to understand
Hoary: old
Lavish: on a grand scale, wasteful
Obtuse: mentally dull
Portent: a warning sign, omen
Revere: worship
Tome: large book

Group 18

Advocate: support
Brusque: blunt, abrupt
Defoliate: cause leaves to fall off
Espouse: promote, take up, support
Hone: sharpen, increase, whet
Lax: careless, not strict
Obviate: avoid, make unnecessary
Poseur: someone who puts on an act
Riddled: full of (usually full of holes)
Torpid: inactive, lazy, stagnant

Group 19

Aesthetic: concerning art or beauty
Bulwark: fortification, barricade, wall
Defunct: no longer in existence
Etymology: the study of word origins
Hyperbole: grossly exaggerated speech
Legend: 1) key to map 2) myth or story
Odious: hateful
Posterity: future generations
Rife: common
Torpor: dormancy, sluggishness, inactivity

Group 20

Affable: friendly, social, easygoing
Bureaucracy: officialdom
Degradation: deprivation, poverty, debasement
Eulogy: praise
Hypochondriac: a person obsessed with health; having imaginary illnesses
Legion: in large numbers
Officious: domineering; intrusive; meddlesome
Posthumous: after death
Rigor: thoroughness
Totter: walk unsteadily
 
Group 21
Alacrity: eagerness, enthusiasm, quickness
Burgeon: grow, flourish, put forth new shoots
Deleterious: harmful
Euphemism: a polite phrase to cover something unpleasant
Hypocritical: insincere
Lethargic: tired, without energy
Ogle: stare at, observe in an obvious manner
Postulate: hypothesize, propose
Robust: strong, healthy, tough
Tractable: obedient, dutiful, polite

Group 22

Alchemy: medieval chemistry; attempt to change base metal into gold
Burnish: polish
Deliberate: to think over deeply
Euphony: pleasant sounds
Iconoclast: person who opposes orthodoxy
Levity: flippancy, joking about serious matters
Olfactory: concerned with the sense of smell
Potable: suitable for drinking
Rotund: round
Tranquil: peaceful

Group 23

Alibi: an excuse that shows someone was not at a crime scene
Buttress: strengthen, support
Delineation: demarcation, explanation, definition, outlining
Evacuate: vacate, empty, abandon
Idiosyncrasy: a personal peculiarity; something unique to an individual
Libertarian: someone who opposes tyranny
Ominous: threatening
Potent: powerful, compelling, strong
Ruminate: think over something, ponder
Transcribe: copy

Group 24

Allay: to lessen
Byline: the line that tells you who wrote an article
Demur: hesitate, refuse
Exacerbate: make worse
Ignominious: shameful
Liniment: soothing lotion
Omnipotent: all-powerful
Pragmatic: practical
Ruse: trick, stratagem
Transgress: go astray, disobey, commit a sin

Group 25

Alleviate: make less severe
Cacophony: discordant loud noises
Denounce: condemn, speak out against
Exasperated: frustrated, annoyed
Ignominy: shame (adj. ignominious means shameful)
Lithe: flexible, supple
Omniscient: all-knowing
Pragmatist: concerned with usefulness
Saccharin: falsely sweet
Transient: short-lived, ephemeral
 
Group 26

Aloof: distant, detached, cold
Cajole: coax
Deplete: use up, lessen
Exceptionable: very bad (something which we should object to)
Illuminate: to light up or make clear
Livid: very angry
Onerous: burdensome, hard to undertake
Preamble: introductory material
Sacrosanct: very holy, inviolable
Traverse: cross

Group 27

Altruism: putting others first, being self-sacrificing
Caldron: huge cooking pot
Deplore: regret
Exculpate: free someone from blame, pardon, acquit
Illusory: deceptive, false, misleading
Lobbyist: tries to persuade someone to support a particular cause
Onus: burden
Precarious: unstable, risky
Sagacious: wise
Trepidation: fear

Group 28

Amass: accumulate
Callow: immature
Depravity: moral corruption
Execrable: very, very bad
Immoderate: excessive, extreme, flattering
Lofty: snooty, arrogant, haughty
Opaque: does not let light through
Precedent: a previous occurrence used as a guide
Sage: a wise person
Trinket: something of little value, knick-knack

Group 29

Ambiguity: uncertainty, vagueness
Candid: frank, honest
Deprecate: criticize, denounce
Exegesis: scholarly explanation or interpretation
Immutable: unchanging, permanent
Longevity: long life
Opulent: wealthy, rich, magnificent
Precept: guiding principle
Salacious: lecherous, erotic
Trite: unoriginal, dull

Group 30

Ambiguous:unclear in meaning, can be interpreted in different ways
Candor:frankness, openness
Deride:ridicule, make fun of, mock
Exemplary:eek:utstandingly good, setting a fine example
Impartial: unbiased, neutral
Loquacious: talkative
Ordain: destine; confer holy orders on a priest
Precinct: district of a city
Sallow: yellowish
Trivial: unimportant
 
hehe, em Hưng nói thế nào ý chứ, lắp nó vào câu thì tùy từng từ thôi, chứ như hôm nay đọc, hehe, thấy mấy từ như polychrome, rồi gì mà agraian, egotistical, lại còn protozoans, đùa, tiếng việt mình còn cóc biết, thế mà tiếng anh lại cứ phải học. Chuối thật.
ah, hỏi mọi người cái, nhất là các anh chị, mọi người học từ có dùng tiếng việt để nhớ nghĩa không? em không quen dung TV để học từ, nhưng thấy nhiều người bảo học SAT thì phải học thế mới nhớ, không hiểu mọi người thế nào?
ah, quên mất tiêu, đây là box English, sao ai cũng tiếng việt mà chơi thế nhỉ? mình có phải launcher không nữa? (hehe)
 
Đây là cách học từ của chị, nghe hơi chuối một chút (với lại tốn giấy mực) nhưng khá hiệu quả với chị:

Tạo list từ cần học (20-30 từ from word lists or from practice tests). Không cần tụng kinh ngay mà chỉ cần đọc qua một vài lần. Sau đó viết những từ này ra nháp và cố viết lại nghĩa (theo những gì nhớ được). Viết ra chứ không chỉ nhớ trong đầu, tuy tốn thời gian hơn nhưng nhớ được lâu hơn nhiều. Sau một vài lần sẽ nhớ được hết nghĩa của các từ. Nếu muốn chắc chắn hơn thì lặp lại thêm một vài lần nữa, nhưng thay vì chỉ phải viết ra nghĩa của từ thì còn phải viết ra các từ đã học theo trí nhớ (tức là cố nhớ xem trong list có những từ gì và nghĩa là gì). Mỗi lần như vậy nên cách nhau một vài ngày (thậm chí là tuần) và trong cùng một thời gian có thể xem kẽ học nhiều list từ khác nhau.

Nghe có vẻ tốn thời gian nhưng có thể tranh thủ ngồi viết nghĩa từ trong lúc xem ti vi, online hay giữa các tiết ở trường. Còn việc nên học theo nghĩa tiếng Anh hay tiếng Việt thì tùy từ. Như chị thì thấy thế nào phải viết ngắn hơn thì chị dùng.
 
G

Guest

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SAT = SUCK A** TEST
Killed me everytime!!!!!!!!!!1
 
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